□ In Korea, locational information is being used for various purposes, i.e., analysis of vehicle movement on the road for the anticipation of traffic volume fluctuation, and examining travel patterns of cars in accident-prone areas to prevent accidents.
ㅇ Also, finding a house to move in does not require tiresome visits to realtors any more to check houses on-site. Diverse housing information is available through a smartphone application, not only about their location or appearance but also about traffic and living conditions in their surrounding areas.
ㅇ In a broader picture, a new data-driven era, also known as Industry 4.0, appears to have been on track. Data is called the oil of the 21st century; however it, unlike oil, will never run dry. Thus, this 4th Industrial Revolution will be completely different from the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century, which used coal and oil as energy sources.
ㅇ In particular, geospatial information is critically important to the future of the data industry as they can converge with other kinds of information and emerge as new information as in the examples described above.
□ The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of the Republic of Korea, led by Minister Kim Hyun-mee, is set to provide 445 items of geospatial information for public and private use starting from September 2018.
ㅇ Moreover, the Ministry has newly established the standard classification system for geospatial information, comprising 15 sections and 45 divisions along with the list of items permitted to be open to the public. This move is aimed at enhancing visibility, accessibility and readability of information provided.
ㅇ The standard classification system, built based on the quality control research on geospatial information, incorporated the characteristics of geospatial information on the basis of the Classification of Function of Government (COFOG) provided by the Ministry of the Interior and Safety as well as international standards for geospatial information. With this new system in place, users will be able to search and find out information they need in a more friendly and easier way.
□ According to a relevant law (Framework Act on National Spatial Data Infrastructure), the Ministry examines the status of geospatial information produced and managed by central ministries, local governments, and public institutions starting from the first half of each year and discloses them via Korea National Spatial Data Infrastructure Portal (www.nsdi.go.kr).
ㅇ As of 2018, a total 40,752 items of geospatial information are owned by 156 institutions, which is a 10.9% increase (4,451) from 2017 (36,301). The combined share of central ministries (6,336) and local governments (33,709) takes up 98% of the total, followed by public institutions (707).
□ Among all collected information, 2,021 items were obtained via the National Spatial Information Center (NS Center) and 445 of them (excl. personal, sensitive, national security-related information) will be open.
ㅇ The NS Center, through its own system, connects and collects geospatial information owned by administrative entities and selects information that can be shared among agencies and institutions, while readjusting information that needs security.
□ "Although geospatial information is a key pillar of Industry 4.0, which can be represented by autonomous vehicles, drones, and Internet of Things (IoT), the cost of establishing a database is enormous and it is also difficult to share and utilize information that is basically produced and managed by different entities for their own purposes," said an official from the NS Center.
ㅇ "As the database of national geospatial information has been realigned along with the standard classification system, positive outcomes are expected for the promotion of business startup and services related to geospatial information and for the improvement of geospatial information provided to the public, both in terms of quantity and quality," added the official.
* unofficial translation